Clinical data

Explore the data for VYVGART Hytrulo.

The ADAPT trial established the effectiveness of VYVGART for IV infusion in the treatment of gMG in adults who are anti-AChR antibody positive. The ADAPT-SC trial established that VYVGART Hytrulo and VYVGART showed a similar pharmacodynamic (PD) effect in reduction of AChR-Ab levels in adult patients with gMG who are anti-AChR antibody positive, which established the efficacy of VYVGART Hytrulo.1-3

AChR=acetylcholine receptor; gMG=generalized myasthenia gravis.

See ADAPT trial data

VYVGART Hytrulo Primary Endpoint AChR+

ADAPT-SC
PHARMACODYNAMIC ENDPOINT

VYVGART Hytrulo and VYVGART: similar pharmacodynamic (PD) effect in reduction of AChR-Ab levels at week 41,2*

PD effect of VYVGART Hytrulo and VYVGART in percent reduction from baseline in AChR-Ab levels at week 4 (day 29) in the anti-AChR antibody positive population.

The maximum mean reduction in AChR-Ab levels was observed at week 4.

The decrease in total IgG levels followed a similar pattern.

*The 90% confidence interval for the geometric mean ratios of AChR-Ab reduction at day 29 and AUEC0-4w (area under the effect-time curve from time 0 to 4 weeks post dose) were within the range of 80% to 125%, indicating no clinically significant difference between the two formulations.

Clinical trial data for anti-AChR antibody positive patients.

Seven days after the fourth IV or SC administration.
AChR=acetylcholine receptor; AChR-Ab=acetylcholine receptor antibody; IgG=immunoglobulin G; IV=intravenous; SC=subcutaneous; Tx=treatment.

VYVGART Hytrulo MSE AChR
POST-HOC ANALYSIS

Post-hoc analysis: MG-ADL data for Minimal Symptom Expression (MSE) for VYVGART Hytrulo and VYVGART1,5*

Percentage of anti-AChR antibody positive patients with MSE, which is characterized by an MG-ADL total score of 0 or 1 out of a maximum of 24. Patients were evaluated at any visit during the study.

Study Limitations: ADAPT-SC was a bridging study designed to compare pharmacodynamic effects between VYVGART Hytrulo for subcutaneous injection and VYVGART for intravenous infusion. MSE was observed post hoc; therefore, data should be interpreted with caution and conclusions cannot be drawn.

*Clinical trial data from patients who were anti-AChR antibody positive.

 AChR=acetylcholine receptor; MG-ADL=Myasthenia Gravis Activities of Daily Living; Tx=treatment.

VYVGART EE MG-ADL Responders
EXPLORATORY ENDPOINT

Exploratory endpoint: MG-ADL response data for VYVGART Hytrulo and VYVGART1*

This exploratory endpoint evaluated the percentage of anti-AChR antibody positive patients who were MG-ADL responders, defined as a ≥2-point reduction in the total MG-ADL score compared to the treatment cycle baseline for ≥4 consecutive weeks during the study period, with the first reduction occurring no later than one week after the last injection of the cycle.

Study Limitations: ADAPT-SC was a bridging study designed to compare pharmacodynamic effects between VYVGART Hytrulo for subcutaneous injection and VYVGART for intravenous infusion. MG-ADL response was observed for exploratory purposes; therefore, data should be interpreted with caution and conclusions cannot be drawn.

*Clinical trial data from patients who were anti-AChR antibody positive.

 AChR=acetylcholine receptor; AChR-Ab=acetylcholine receptor antibody; MG-ADL=Myasthenia Gravis Activities of Daily Living; Tx=treatment.

VYVGART Hytrulo EE QMG Responders AChR Dark
EXPLORATORY ENDPOINT

Exploratory endpoint: QMG response data for VYVGART Hytrulo and VYVGART1*

This exploratory endpoint evaluated the percentage of anti-AChR antibody positive patients who were QMG responders, defined as a ≥3-point reduction in the total QMG score compared to the treatment cycle baseline for ≥4 consecutive weeks during the study period, with the first reduction occurring no later than one week after the last injection of the cycle.

Study Limitations: ADAPT-SC was a bridging study designed to compare pharmacodynamic effects between VYVGART Hytrulo for subcutaneous injection and VYVGART for intravenous infusion. QMG response was observed for exploratory purposes; therefore, data should be interpreted with caution and conclusions cannot be drawn.

*Clinical trial data from patients who were anti-AChR antibody positive.

 AChR=acetylcholine receptor; QMG=Quantitative Myasthenia Gravis; Tx=treatment.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

VYVGART and VYVGART HYTRULO are contraindicated in patients with serious hypersensitivity to efgartigimod alfa products or to any of the excipients of VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO, respectively. VYVGART HYTRULO is also contraindicated in patients with serious hypersensitivity to hyaluronidase. Reactions have included anaphylaxis and hypotension leading to syncope.

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
Infection

VYVGART and VYVGART HYTRULO may increase the risk of infection. The most common infections observed in Study 1 were urinary tract infection (10% of efgartigimod alfa-fcab-treated patients vs 5% of placebo-treated patients) and respiratory tract infection (33% of efgartigimod alfa-fcab-treated patients vs 29% of placebo-treated patients). Patients on efgartigimod alfa-fcab vs placebo had below normal levels for white blood cell counts (12% vs 5%, respectively), lymphocyte counts (28% vs 19%, respectively), and neutrophil counts (13% vs 6%, respectively). The majority of infections and hematologic abnormalities were mild to moderate in severity. Delay the administration of VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO in patients with an active infection until the infection has resolved; monitor for clinical signs and symptoms of infections. If serious infection occurs, administer appropriate treatment and consider withholding treatment with VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO until the infection has resolved.

Immunization

Immunization with vaccines during treatment with VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO has not been studied; the safety with live or live-attenuated vaccines and the response to immunization with any vaccine are unknown. Because VYVGART and VYVGART HYTRULO cause a reduction in immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels, vaccination with live-attenuated or live vaccines is not recommended during treatment with VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO. Evaluate the need to administer age-appropriate vaccines according to immunization guidelines before initiation of a new treatment cycle with VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO.

Hypersensitivity Reactions

In clinical trials, hypersensitivity reactions, including rash, angioedema, and dyspnea were observed in patients treated with VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO. Urticaria was also observed in patients treated with VYVGART HYTRULO. Hypersensitivity reactions were mild or moderate, occurred within 1 hour to 3 weeks of administration, and did not lead to treatment discontinuation. Anaphylaxis and hypotension leading to syncope have been reported in postmarketing experience with intravenous efgartigimod alfa-fcab. Anaphylaxis and hypotension occurred during or within an hour of administration and led to infusion discontinuation and in some cases to permanent treatment discontinuation. Healthcare professionals should monitor patients during and for 1 hour after VYVGART administration, or for at least 30 minutes after VYVGART HYTRULO administration, for clinical signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions. If a hypersensitivity reaction occurs, the healthcare professional should institute appropriate measures if needed or the patient should seek medical attention.

Infusion-Related Reactions

Infusion-related reactions have been reported with intravenous efgartigimod alfa-fcab in postmarketing experience. The most frequent symptoms and signs were hypertension, chills, shivering, and thoracic, abdominal, and back pain. Infusion-related reactions occurred during or within an hour of administration and led to infusion discontinuation. If a severe infusion-related reaction occurs during administration, discontinue VYVGART infusion and initiate appropriate therapy. If a severe infusion-related reaction occurs with VYVGART HYTRULO, initiate appropriate therapy. Consider the risks and benefits of readministering VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO following a severe infusion-related reaction. If a mild to moderate infusion-related reaction occurs, patients may be rechallenged with close clinical observation, slower infusion rates, and pre-medications.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

In Study 1, the most common (≥10%) adverse reactions in efgartigimod alfa-fcab-treated patients were respiratory tract infection, headache, and urinary tract infection. In Study 2, the most common (≥10%) adverse reactions in VYVGART HYTRULO-treated patients were injection site reactions and headache. Injection site reactions occurred in 38% of VYVGART HYTRULO-treated patients, including injection site rash, erythema, pruritus, bruising, pain, and urticaria. In Study 2 and its open-label extension, all injection site reactions were mild to moderate in severity and did not lead to treatment discontinuation. The majority occurred within 24 hours after administration and resolved spontaneously. Most injection site reactions occurred during the first treatment cycle, and the incidence decreased with each subsequent cycle.

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
Pregnancy

As VYVGART and VYVGART HYTRULO are expected to reduce maternal IgG antibody levels, reduction in passive protection to the newborn is anticipated. Risks and benefits should be considered prior to administering live or live attenuated vaccines to infants exposed to VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO in utero.

Lactation

There is no information regarding the presence of efgartigimod alfa-fcab from administration of VYVGART, or efgartigimod alfa or hyaluronidase from administration of VYVGART HYTRULO, in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO, and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO or from the underlying maternal condition.

INDICATION

VYVGART® (efgartigimod alfa-fcab) for intravenous infusion and VYVGART® HYTRULO (efgartigimod alfa and hyaluronidase-qvfc) for subcutaneous injection are each indicated for the treatment of generalized myasthenia gravis in adult patients who are anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibody positive.

Please see the full Prescribing Information for VYVGART and the full Prescribing Information for VYVGART HYTRULO.

You may report side effects to the US Food and Drug Administration by visiting http://www.fda.gov/medwatch or calling 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects to argenx US, Inc, at 1-833-argx411 (1-833-274-9411).

CONTRAINDICATIONS

VYVGART and VYVGART HYTRULO are contraindicated in patients with serious hypersensitivity to efgartigimod alfa products or to any of the excipients of VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO, respectively. VYVGART HYTRULO is also contraindicated in patients with serious hypersensitivity to hyaluronidase. Reactions have included anaphylaxis and hypotension leading to syncope.

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
Infection

VYVGART and VYVGART HYTRULO may increase the risk of infection. The most common infections observed in Study 1 were urinary tract infection (10% of efgartigimod alfa-fcab-treated patients vs 5% of placebo-treated patients) and respiratory tract infection (33% of efgartigimod alfa-fcab-treated patients vs 29% of placebo-treated patients). Patients on efgartigimod alfa-fcab vs placebo had below normal levels for white blood cell counts (12% vs 5%, respectively), lymphocyte counts (28% vs 19%, respectively), and neutrophil counts (13% vs 6%, respectively). The majority of infections and hematologic abnormalities were mild to moderate in severity. Delay the administration of VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO in patients with an active infection until the infection has resolved; monitor for clinical signs and symptoms of infections. If serious infection occurs, administer appropriate treatment and consider withholding treatment with VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO until the infection has resolved.

Immunization

Immunization with vaccines during treatment with VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO has not been studied; the safety with live or live-attenuated vaccines and the response to immunization with any vaccine are unknown. Because VYVGART and VYVGART HYTRULO cause a reduction in immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels, vaccination with live-attenuated or live vaccines is not recommended during treatment with VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO. Evaluate the need to administer age-appropriate vaccines according to immunization guidelines before initiation of a new treatment cycle with VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO.

Hypersensitivity Reactions

In clinical trials, hypersensitivity reactions, including rash, angioedema, and dyspnea were observed in patients treated with VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO. Urticaria was also observed in patients treated with VYVGART HYTRULO. Hypersensitivity reactions were mild or moderate, occurred within 1 hour to 3 weeks of administration, and did not lead to treatment discontinuation. Anaphylaxis and hypotension leading to syncope have been reported in postmarketing experience with intravenous efgartigimod alfa-fcab. Anaphylaxis and hypotension occurred during or within an hour of administration and led to infusion discontinuation and in some cases to permanent treatment discontinuation. Healthcare professionals should monitor patients during and for 1 hour after VYVGART administration, or for at least 30 minutes after VYVGART HYTRULO administration, for clinical signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions. If a hypersensitivity reaction occurs, the healthcare professional should institute appropriate measures if needed or the patient should seek medical attention.

Infusion-Related Reactions

Infusion-related reactions have been reported with intravenous efgartigimod alfa-fcab in postmarketing experience. The most frequent symptoms and signs were hypertension, chills, shivering, and thoracic, abdominal, and back pain. Infusion-related reactions occurred during or within an hour of administration and led to infusion discontinuation. If a severe infusion-related reaction occurs during administration, discontinue VYVGART infusion and initiate appropriate therapy. If a severe infusion-related reaction occurs with VYVGART HYTRULO, initiate appropriate therapy. Consider the risks and benefits of readministering VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO following a severe infusion-related reaction. If a mild to moderate infusion-related reaction occurs, patients may be rechallenged with close clinical observation, slower infusion rates, and pre-medications.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

In Study 1, the most common (≥10%) adverse reactions in efgartigimod alfa-fcab-treated patients were respiratory tract infection, headache, and urinary tract infection. In Study 2, the most common (≥10%) adverse reactions in VYVGART HYTRULO-treated patients were injection site reactions and headache. Injection site reactions occurred in 38% of VYVGART HYTRULO-treated patients, including injection site rash, erythema, pruritus, bruising, pain, and urticaria. In Study 2 and its open-label extension, all injection site reactions were mild to moderate in severity and did not lead to treatment discontinuation. The majority occurred within 24 hours after administration and resolved spontaneously. Most injection site reactions occurred during the first treatment cycle, and the incidence decreased with each subsequent cycle.

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
Pregnancy

As VYVGART and VYVGART HYTRULO are expected to reduce maternal IgG antibody levels, reduction in passive protection to the newborn is anticipated. Risks and benefits should be considered prior to administering live or live attenuated vaccines to infants exposed to VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO in utero.

Lactation

There is no information regarding the presence of efgartigimod alfa-fcab from administration of VYVGART, or efgartigimod alfa or hyaluronidase from administration of VYVGART HYTRULO, in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO, and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from VYVGART or VYVGART HYTRULO or from the underlying maternal condition.

INDICATION

VYVGART® (efgartigimod alfa-fcab) for intravenous infusion and VYVGART® HYTRULO (efgartigimod alfa and hyaluronidase-qvfc) for subcutaneous injection are each indicated for the treatment of generalized myasthenia gravis in adult patients who are anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibody positive.

Please see the full Prescribing Information for VYVGART and the full Prescribing Information for VYVGART HYTRULO.

You may report side effects to the US Food and Drug Administration by visiting http://www.fda.gov/medwatch or calling 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects to argenx US, Inc, at 1-833-argx411 (1-833-274-9411).

References: 1. Data on file, argenx US Inc. December 2023. 2. VYVGART Hytrulo. Prescribing Information. argenx US Inc; 2024. 3. VYVGART. Prescribing information. argenx US Inc; 2024. 4. Howard JF et al. Lancet Neurol. 2021;20(7):526-536. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(21)00159-9 5. Wolfe GI et al. Neurology. 1999;52(7):1487-1489. doi:10.1212/wnl.52.7.1487